Ectopic Pregnancy,Causes , Symptoms and Treatment naijaspirit
Ectopic Pregnancy, When the Fetus Grows Outside the Womb
Anyone can have an ectopic pregnancy and this condition often causes abdominal pain as a sign. However, this condition can quickly recover if it gets the right treatment. The following is a complete explanation of the causes, symptoms, ways to deal with it, and the right time to get pregnant again after an ectopic pregnancy.
What is an Ectopic Pregnancy (pregnancy outside the womb)?
Ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the womb is a disorder or abnormality in pregnancy. This condition occurs due to the attachment of the results of fertilization of the egg and sperm outside the uterine cavity ( intracavum uteri ). Quoting from the Ectopic page, in rare conditions, the egg can attach to other places such as the ovaries, cervix, and abdominal cavity.
Ectopic pregnancies often occur in the first few weeks of pregnancy. This is serious and very likely to endanger the mother’s life. This is because egg cells that grow outside the uterus cannot survive. After that, the egg will attach to the tissue where it attaches and destroys the tissue. This can cause internal bleeding and infection. It is not easy to sustain a baby in an ectopic pregnancy and the mother needs to have an abortion (abortion) .
How Common Is Ectopic Pregnancy?
Ectopic pregnancies are quite common, out of 100 pregnancies there are 2 women who have ectopic pregnancies. This condition can be treated by reducing risk factors. Consult a doctor for more information.
What Is The Difference Between An Ectopic Pregnancy And A Molar Pregnancy?
Molar pregnancy and ectopic pregnancy are two different conditions that are commonly experienced by pregnant women. Molar pregnancy or hydatidiform mole is an abnormality of the chromosomes. Meanwhile, an ectopic pregnancy is an implantation disorder (the embryo attaches to the uterine wall).
What Are The Symptoms Of Ectopic Pregnancy?
- Abdominal pain
- nausea and vomiting,
- pain in lower abdomen,
- pelvic pain,
- stomach cramps,
- pain on one side of the body
- dizziness or weakness,
- pain in the shoulders, neck, or rectum,
- fainting (rare)
There may be other signs and symptoms, if you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor immediately. If you feel some ectopic symptoms, immediately do a pregnancy check. The doctor will help examine your condition further.
What Causes An Ectopic Pregnancy?
The cause of an ectopic pregnancy is uncertain, but most cases are due to infection. The infection can cause damage to the fallopian tubes (ovary tubes).
The fallopian tube functions as a channel that delivers the fertilized egg. The egg cell will later move towards and develop in the uterus.
Here are some factors that cause ectopic pregnancy.
- Chlamydia infection.
- Damage to the reproductive organs.
- Take fertility drugs.
- Inflammation and scarring of the fallopian tubes from a previous medical condition, infection, or surgery.
- Hormonal factor.
- Genetic (congenital) disorders.
- Birth defects (decreased growth while still a fetus in the womb).
- Have had abdominal surgery (appendicitis or cesarean section) which can damage the fallopian tubes.
- Are on contraception.
If you experience symptoms of pregnancy while using contraception, it is most likely an ectopic pregnancy.
What factors increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy?
- Using an intrauterine device (IUD) as contraception.
- Have experienced sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia and gonorrhea).
- History of salpingitis (pelvic inflammation).
- Disorders of the congenital fallopian tube.
- Wounds from endometriosis.
- Have had an ectopic pregnancy before.
- Have had a failed tubal ligation (tubectomy).
- Using fertility drugs, generally drugs for in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures.
- Smoking before pregnancy.
- Use of diethylstilbestrol during pregnancy.
How To Diagnose An Ectopic Pregnancy.
1. Pelvic examination
Doctors can diagnose lumps or abnormal growths in the fallopian tubes.
This is because the growth of the abnormal mass could be a sign that you have an ectopic pregnancy. You will also do a pelvic exam to check the size of your uterus.
In a normal pregnancy, the size of the uterus will increase. Meanwhile, in conditions of pregnancy outside the womb, the size of the uterus does not increase.
Ultrasonography (USG) is an examination method that can help see the condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
Apart from seeing the condition of the pregnancy, ultrasound is also effective in detecting other health problems , including early stage ectopic pregnancies.
What Is The Treatment And Care For Ectopic Pregnancy?
How to deal with this condition can be in various ways and the right treatment. However, treatment depends on how early the ectopic pregnancy was detected and the woman’s health condition. If this condition is diagnosed early, you can avoid the risk of rupture of the fallopian tube.
In this case, there are several medical treatment options that you can do.
1. Use of drugs with special terms and conditions
If the doctor diagnoses signs of ectopic pregnancy, the doctor will test the pregnancy hormone level . After that, the doctor checks for the presence or absence of a fetal heartbeat in the uterus, as well as checks for other symptoms of pregnancy. If there is no successful fertilization in the uterus, the doctor will inject the drug methotrexate. This drug can terminate and inhibit pregnancy at that time. Methotrexate has a high success rate and low risk of side effects. Considering that it is a hard drug, doctors can only administer methotrexate under medical conditions.
2. Laparoscopic surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is a way to remove the embryo and repair damage caused by bleeding in ectopic pregnancies. How to do this surgery by making a small incision in the abdomen near the navel. Next, the obstetrician will use a thin tube, complete with a camera lens and light to see the condition of the fallopian tubes. To treat an ectopic pregnancy, the doctor will remove the damaged part of the fallopian tube (salpingectomy) and repair it (salpingostomy). After performing this operation, you must rest completely for 1 to 2 days.
3. Emergency operation
If the ectopic pregnancy causes heavy bleeding, you may need emergency surgery by making an abdominal incision (laparotomy). In some cases, doctors can repair damage to the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tubes and ovaries are badly damaged, you may need surgical removal (salpingectomy). belly massage to get pregnant fast
You can’t completely prevent an ectopic pregnancy, but you can reduce certain risk factors by following the following treatments:
- Practice safe sex by limiting the number of sexual partners.
- Using condoms when having sex to prevent sexually transmitted infections and reduce the risk of pelvic inflammation.
- Quit smoking before pregnancy.
- Consult a doctor before using drugs during pregnancy.
There Are Some Important Things For You And Your Partner To Do.
1. Make peace with yourself first
Some couples want a pregnancy, when it doesn’t work it will definitely cause deep disappointment. After going through the examination and treatment process, now is the time to make peace with the condition. Give yourself time to grieve and share your sadness with your partner, family or friends. Ask them to listen to your expressions of sadness without the need to offer suggestions or other options to get pregnant again.You can also find a support group, psychologist, or doctor and can find some comfort.
2. Consider IVF or IVF
The female body normally has two fallopian tubes. If one is damaged or removed, you can still get pregnant normally even with only one fallopian tube. If the ectopic pregnancy continues to occur, causing both fallopian tubes to be injured, in vitro fertilization ( IVF ) can be an option for those of you who want to have a baby. IVF is a procedure that combines a woman’s egg and healthy sperm cells in a laboratory.
After the egg and sperm have succeeded in fertilization, the doctor will implant them back into the uterus. Can I get pregnant again after an ectopic pregnancy? Most women who experience this condition generally get pregnant normally and are healthy again in the future. Generally, if the cause of an ectopic pregnancy is because the fallopian tubes are damaged or have problems, the doctor will remove the tubes. Then, if one has to remove one fallopian tube, another fallopian tube that is still healthy can still help with the pregnancy process. If the cause of the ectopic pregnancy is due to an infection or sexually transmitted disease, medication or other treatment measures may help. However, if the ectopic pregnancy occurs due to diethylstilboestrol (DES) exposure, normal pregnancy is unlikely. Check yourself and consult with your doctor before planning your next pregnancy. The earlier you prevent an ectopic pregnancy, the less damage to the tube and the more likely you are to have a normal, healthy pregnancy.
When Can I Try To Get Pregnant Again?
Actually there is not enough evidence to determine how long to wait to try again after having an ectopic pregnancy. Quoting from The Ectopic Pregnancy Trust , obstetricians recommend trying to get pregnant again after 3 months or about 2 to 3 times your menstrual period has passed. This is not without purpose. The reason is, waiting for 3 months serves to restore normal menstrual cycles before starting to try to get pregnant again. Some reports show that a person can successfully conceive again after 18 months after an ectopic pregnancy with a success rate of 65 percent. Other studies also report that 85 percent of women can get pregnant again if they give a gap of 2 years after an ectopic pregnancy. In addition, what you need to consider is the effect of methotrexate injections when treating an ectopic pregnancy. This makes you have to wait a while for the next pregnancy. After injecting methotrexate, you must wait until the hCG level in the body drops to less than 5 mlU per milliliter on a blood test. This is because methotrexate can reduce folate levels in the body. Folic acid is an important substance for the body of the mother and fetus from the beginning of pregnancy.
Pregnant Program For Husband And Wife
Difficulty having children is often a problem for many couples. There are many ways to increase fertility, one of which is by changing your diet to be healthier. Apart from changing the food menu to be healthier, is there a pregnancy program for husband and wife who want to have children quickly? Thank You can you get pregnant again before your period returns, and are there any risks dox
dox my wife miscarried at gestational age 2 months started bleeding on January 20 2023 and did a curettage on January 24 after the curette the blood that came out didn’t come out anymore dox and until now my wife hasn’t had her period doc can my wife get pregnant again dox and when can get pregnant again dox. does it matter if you get pregnant before your period.
Having children after marriage is certainly the dream of many married couples. However, the opportunity to have children immediately after marriage is not always experienced by all married couples. There are those who can get pregnant right away but there are also those who need a long time until they finally get pregnant.
Therefore, the doctor will recommend eating and taking supplements containing folic acid for 12 weeks, before getting pregnant again after a miscarriage or having an ectopic pregnancy .